Students Guide to Coffee
Coffee is something most of us consume daily, and we sure do love it. Coffee is the most popular drink worldwide and in the UK we drink an average of 95 million cups of coffee a day! (Which is a lot).
And now there are more choices than ever, with skimmed iced frappe caramel whipped coffee concoctions and coconut frothed double shot coffee things. It can be difficult to understand which coffee is best for you so we're gonna break it down in an easy to understand way.
Coffee is all about Ratios. 2 parts this, and 1 part that. All the fancy names basically tell you how much of each ingredient is included, that's it.
- Main ingredient- Espresso
- Additional ingredients- foamed milk, steamed milk, warm milk, syrup, chocolate, cream, ice cream, ice, scalded milk
Coffee beans are used to make the Espresso shot (the main ingredient), but there are many forms coffee can be purchased in:
- Coffee beans- come whole, you cannot make a coffee with these.
- Ground coffee- can be ground yourself, or bought ground.
- Coffee capsules- used in coffee machines, these are for 1 cup & 1 use.
- Coffee pods- looks like a teabag, but is used in a filter.
- Freeze-dried coffee- stir into hot water for an instant coffee.
There are 4 main types of coffee bean:
- Arabica (smooth) (60% of the world's coffee is made using these)
- Robusta (has a slight bitterness)
Things that affect the taste and the growth of the coffee bean:
- The region where it’s grown
- Solil it’s grown in
- Altitude it’s grown at
- How it’s roasted
- How it’s ground
- How it's brewed
Many coffee drinks contain milk, it creates a long drink and makes the drink creamier. But there are many different kinds of milk, and now more than ever this choice is expanding to include dietary and lifestyle milk options.
Types of milk:
- Skimmed cow’s milk
- Semi-skimmed cow’s milk
- Whole cow’s milk
- 2% cow’s milk
- Low- fat milk
- Reduced-fat milk
- Raw milk
- Lactose-free milk
- Full cream milk
- Soya milk
- Almond milk
- Rice milk
- Oat milk
- Coconut milk
So now you know what goes into a coffee, what’s important, and all of the basics surrounding a cup of coffee, we’ll move onto the actual coffee drinks. And there are SO MANY, we simply cannot cover all of them, but we’ll cover a few.
- Espresso- 1 shot espresso
- Americano- 1 shot espresso + 3 oz/ 85 ml hot water
- Macchiato- 1 shot espresso + 1-2 tsp steamed milk
- Cappuccino- 1-2 shots espresso + 2 oz/ 57 ml foamed milk + chocolate powder
- Flat white- 1 shot espresso + 4 oz/ 114ml steamed milk
- Cafe latte- 1 shot espresso + 8-10 oz/ 227-283 ml steamed milk + 1 cm foam
- Mocha- 1 shot espresso + 1 tsp chocolate powder + 1-3 oz/ 28-85 ml steamed milk + 2-3 cm foam